Textbook Notes (363,550)
Canada (158,417)
Psychology (9,573)
PSYA01H3 (1,196)
Steve Joordens (1,052)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Textbook Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Steve Joordens

CHAPTER 1: Psychology: The Science of Behaviour Areas of psychological research: N Physiological psychology - studies physiological basis of behaviour o Learning, memory, sensory process, emotional behaviour, motivation, sexual behaviour, sleep o All observed in non-human animals N Comparative psychology - studies behaviour of a variety of organisms in an attempt to understand adaptive and functional significance of behaviour and their relationship in evolution o Inherited behaviour patterns courting, mating, predation, aggression, defensive behaviours, and parental behaviours N Behaviour analysts studies effect of environment on behaviour effects of consequences of behaviour on behaviour themselves N Behaviour genetics studies role of genetics in behaviour o Examine similarities in physical and behavioural characteristics of blood relatives N Cognitive psychology studies complex behaviours and mental processes such as perception, attention, learning and memory, verbal behaviour, concept formation, and problem solving o Events that cause behaviour consist of functions of brain in response to environmental factors o Explanations involve characteristics of inferred mental process such as imagery, attention, and mechanisms of language N Cognitive neuroscience attempts to understand cognitive psychological functions by studying brain mechanisms that are responsible for them (cognitive psychology + physiological psychology) o Study people whose brains have been damaged by natural causes disease, stroke, tumours N Developmental psychology studies changes in behavioural, perceptual, and cognitive capacities of organisms as a function of age and experience o Study causal events that are as comprehensive as all of psychology physiological processes, cognitive processes, and social influences N Social psychology study of effects people have on each others behaviour o Explore perception, cause-and-effect relationships, group dynamics, and emotional behaviours (aggressions, sexual behaviour) N Personality psychology attempts to categorize and understand causes of individual differences in patterns of behaviour o Look for causal events in persons history genetic and environmental N Evolutionary psychology explains behaviour in terms of adaptive advantages that specific behaviours provided during evolution of a species (use natural selection as guiding principle) o Interested in studies of behavioural genetics and comparative psychology N Cross-cultural psychology studies effects of culture on behaviour N Clinical psychology devoted to investigation and treatment of abnormal behaviour and mental disorders www.notesolution.com
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