Textbook Notes (369,074)
Canada (162,369)
Psychology (9,699)
PSYA01H3 (1,206)
Steve Joordens (1,058)

episodic memory.docx

6 Pages

Course Code
Steve Joordens

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Nine properties of episodic memoryeditThere are essentially nine properties of episodic memory which collectively distinguish it from other types of memory It is possible for other types of memory to exhibit a few of these properties however episodic memory is unique in that it is the only type of memory which takes into account all nine of these properties 7 1 Contain summary records of sensoryperceptualconceptualaffective processing 2 Retain patterns of activationinhibition over long periods 3 Often represented in the form of visual images 4 They always have a perspective field or observer 5 Represent short time slices of experience 6 They are represented on a temporal dimension roughly in order of occurrence 7 They are subject to rapid forgetting 8 They make autobiographical remembering specific 9 They are recollectively experienced when accessed Cognitive neuroscienceeditThe formation of new episodic memories requires the medial temporal lobe a structure that includes the hippocampus Without the medial temporal lobe one is able to form new procedural memories such as playing the piano but cannot remember the events during which they happened See the hippocampus and memory The prefrontal cortex and in particular the left hemisphere is also involved in the formation of new episodic memories also known as episodic encoding Patients with damage to the prefrontal cortex can learn new information but tend to do so in a disordered fashion For example they might show normal recognition of an object they had seen in the past but fail to recollect when or where it had been viewed8 Some researchers believe that the prefrontal cortex helps organize information for more efficient storage drawing upon its role in executive function Others believe that the prefrontal cortex underlies semantic strategies which enhance encoding such as thinking about the meaning of the study material or rehearsing it in working memory9 The hippocampuss role in memory storageedit
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.