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Chapter 2

Intro to Psych Part I: Chapter 2 Definitions Fall 2014

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA01H3
Professor
Mary Silcox
Semester
Fall

Description
PSYA01Chapter2DefinitionsModule21PrinciplesofScientificResearchObjectivityAssumesthatcertainfactsabouttheworldcanbeobservedandtestedindependentlyoftheindividualwhodescribesthemSubjectiveTheobserversknowledgeoftheeventisshapedbypriorbeliefsexpectationsexperiencesandeventheirmoodObjectiveMeasurementThemeasureofanentityorbehaviourthatwithinanallowedmarginoferrorisconsistentacrossinstrumentsandobserversVariableTheobjectconceptoreventthatisbeingmeasuredOperationalDefinitionsStatementsthatdescribetheproceduresoroperationsandspecificmeasuresthatareusedtorecordobservationsValidityThegeneraldegreetowhichaninstrumentorprocedureactuallymeasureswhatitclaimstomeasureReliabilityTheprovisionofconsistentandstableanswersacrossmultipleobservationsandpointsintimeGeneralizabilityReferstothedegreetowhichonesetofresultscanbeappliedtoothersituationsindividualsoreventsPopulationThegroupthatresearcherswanttogeneralizeaboutSampleAselectgroupofpopulationmembersRandomSampleAsamplingtechniqueinwhicheveryindividualofapopulationhasanequalchanceofbeingincludedConvenienceSamplesSamplesofindividualswhoaremostreadilyavailableEcologicalValidityTheresultsofalaboratorystudycanbeappliedtoorrepeatedinthenaturalenvironmentHawthorneEffectAbehavioralchangeasaresultofbeingobservedSocialDesirabilityResearchparticipantsrespondinwaysthatincreasethechancesandtheywillbeviewedfavourablyAnonymityEachindividualsresponsesarerecordedwithoutanynameorotherpersonalinformationthatcouldlinkaparticularindividualtospecificresults
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