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Psychology (9,695)
PSYA01H3 (1,206)
Steve Joordens (1,058)
Chapter 8

Chapter 8- big notes

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Steve Joordens

Chapter 8: Memory Overview: o Memory: the cognitive process of encoding, storing, and retrieving information o Encoding: the process by which sensory information is converted into a form that can be used by the brains memory system o Storage: process of maintaining information in memory o Retrieval: the active processes of locating and using stored information o recall from Chapter 5: learning is the tendency for behaviour to change as a result of experience; what you learn gets stored, and you can use what you learn in the future (an example of memory) o Sensory Memory: memory in which representations of the physical features of a stimulus are stored for very brief durations represents the original stimulus accurately and contains most of the information that has been perceived normally we are unaware of sensory memory o Short-Term Memory: an immediate memory for stimuli that have just been perceived. It is limited in terms of both capacity (7 2 chunks of information) and duration (less than 20 seconds) o we can remember things or chunks of information if we keep on repeating it in our minds (called rehearsal) o if we stop rehearsal, that information can leave short-term memory very quickly (unless stored in long-term memory) o if we rehearse it many many times, it may become part of your long-term memory o Long-Term Memory: memory in which information is represented on a permanent or near-permanent basis occurs due to changes taking place in the brain does not need to be rehearsed, we can stop thinking about it and then in the future still remember it when we need to Sensory Memory o information remains in our sensory memory just long enough to be transferred to short-term memory o we are mostly unaware of sensory memory; we only become aware of it when information is presented very briefly, so that we can perceive its after-effects ex. lightning and thunderstorm: first we see the lightning, then study the image it leaves behind Iconic Memory www.notesolution.com
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