Textbook Notes (367,988)
Canada (161,542)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYA01H3 (1,206)
Steve Joordens (1,058)
Chapter 1

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA01H3
Professor
Steve Joordens
Semester
Summer

Description
What is psychology? Psychology: The scientific study of the causes of behaviour; also, the application of the findings of psychological research to the solution of problems. Causal event: An event that causes another event to occur. Physiological psychology: The branch of psychology that studies the physiological basis of behaviour. Comparative psychology: The branch of psychology that studies the behaviours of a variety of organisms in an attempt to understand the adaptive and functional significance of the behaviours and their relation to evolution. Behaviour analysis: The branch of psychology that studies the effect of the environment on behaviour primarily, the effects of the consequences of behaviours on the behaviours themselves. Behaviour genetics: The branch of psychology that studies the role of genetics in behaviour. Cognitive psychology: The branch of psychology that studies complex behaviours and mental processes such as perception, attention, learning and memory, verbal behaviour, concept formation, and problem solving. Cognitive neuroscience: The branch of psychology that attempts to understand cognitive psychological functions by studying the brain mechanisms that is responsible for them. Developmental psychology: The branch of psychology that studies the changes in behavioural, perceptual, and cognitive capacities of organisms as a function of age and experience. Social psychology: The branch of psychology devoted to the study of the effects people have on each other s behaviour. Personality psychology: The branch of psychology that attempts to categorize and understand the causes of individual differences in patterns of behaviour. Evolutionary psychology: The branch of psychology that explains behaviour in terms of adaptive advantages that specific behaviours provided during the evolution of a species. Evolutionary psychologists use natural selection as a guiding principle. Cross-cultural psychology: The branch of psychology that studies the effects of culture on behaviour. Clinical psychology: The branch of psychology devoted to the investigation and treatment of abnormal behaviour and psychological disorders. The Growth of Psychology as a science Animism: The belief that all animals and all moving objects possess spirits providing their motive force. Reflex: An automatic response to a stimulus, such as the blink reflex to the sudden unexpected approach of an object toward the eyes. Dualism: The philosophical belief that reality consists of mind and matter. Model: A relatively simple system that works on known principles and is able to do at least some of the things that a more complex system can do. Empiricism: The philosophical view that all knowledge is obtained through the senses. – John Locke Materialism: A philosophical belief that reality can be known only through an understanding of the physical world, of which the mind is a part. – J
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