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Chapter 10

Chapter 10 – Definitions.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Steve Joordens

Chapter 10DefinitionsPsycholinguistics A branch of psychology devoted to the study of verbal behaviour Phoneme The minimum unit of sound that conveys meaning in a particular language such as p VoiceOnset Time The delay between the initial sound of a consonant such as the puffing sound of the phoneme p and the onset of vibration of the vocal cords Morpheme The smallest unit of meaning in language Syntactical Rule A grammatical rule of a particular language for combining words to form phrases clauses and sentences Function Word A preposition article or other word that conveys little of the meaning of a sentence but is important in specifying its grammatical structure Content Word A noun verb adjective or adverb that conveys meaning Affix a sound or group of letters that is added to the beginning of a word prefix or t its end suffix Semantics the meanings and the study of the meanings represented by words Prosody the use of changes in intonation and emphasis to convey meaning in speech besides that specified by the particular words an important means of communication of emotion Deep Structure the essential meanings and the study of the meanings represented by words without regard to the grammatical features surface structure of the sentence that are needed to express it in words Surface Structure the essential meaning of a sentence Script the characteristics events rules and so on that are typical of a particular situation assists the comprehension of verbal discourse Brocas Aphasia severe difficulty in articulating words especially function words caused by damage that includes Brocas area a region of the frontal cortex on the left speechdominant side of the brain Agrammatism a language disturbance difficulty in the production and comprehension of grammatical features such as proper use of unction words word endings and word order Often seen in cases of Brocas aphasia Wernickes Area a region of the auditory association cortex located in the upper part of the left temporal involved in the recognition of spoken words
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