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PSYA01H3 (1,206)
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Chapter 1-4


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Steve Joordens

PLEASE DO NOT COPY - Learning, memory, sensory processes, emotional behavior, motivation, sexual behavior and sleep - Those are studied in non-humans and then serves as a model to help explain human behavior - On drug abuse… - All drugs have the potential for addiction because it acts on a part of the brain that is involved with our reactions to pleasurable events (food, warmth, sex) - Some drugs can artificially activate this system - Knowing how drugs affect the brain can lead to medications to help break habits Comparative Psychology - The study of the behavior of members of a species to try to explain behavior in terms of evolutionary adaptation to the environment - Topics studied are similar to those of physiological psychologists - Study inherited behavioral patterns (courting, mating, predation, defensive and parental behaviors) - On drug abuse… - They tested many different mammals and found that they react like humans do with addictive drugs - Test animals are addicted if they are able to control the amount injected into their vein Behavior Analysis - What is the effect of environmental events on behavior? - Focus on learning and motivation - They think that the cause of a behavior is related to the relationship between the behavior and the consequent event - Ex. if there are pleasant outcomes, the behavior will be repeated - Research is done in labs, schools, homes, businesses  applied to teaching, business management, psychotherapy - On drug abuse… - They found methods for studying the way that pleasurable events make people repeat certain behaviors - The negative effects of using drugs are learned (ex. withdrawal symptoms) - Found methods of seeing if a new drug has the potential to make people addicted Behavior Genetics - They study the role of genetics in behavior - They examine similarities in the physical and behavioral characteristics of blood relatives - They perform breeding experiments with lab animals to see which types of behavior can be passed down to the next generation Notes by Mary Lee Notes from Psychology the Science of Behavior 4 Ed. th Carlson/Heth
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