Textbook Notes (363,689)
Canada (158,529)
Psychology (9,578)
PSYA01H3 (1,196)
Steve Joordens (1,052)
Chapter 2

chapter 2 study guide

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Steve Joordens

Chapter 2: The Ways and Means of Psychology The Scientific Method in Psychology - Set of rules that dictate the general procedure a scientist must follow in his or her research. - Three major types of scientific research is done o Naturalistic observation and clinical observation Observation of people or animals in their natural environment or while they are undergoing treatment or diagnosis for a psychological condition. Least formal method Foundation of biological and social sciences o Correlational studies Observational in natural but has a more formal measurement of environmental events of individuals physical and social characteristics and of their behaviour o Experiments Beyond measurement Makes things happen and observes the results - Scientific Method: 1) Identify the problem and formulate a hypothetical cause and effect relationship among variables 2) Design the experiment 3) Perform the experiment 4) Evaluate the hypothesis by examining the data from the study. 5) Communicate the results. - Identifying the Problem: Getting an Idea for Research o Hypothesis: starting point of any study An idea, phrased as a general statement www.notesolution.com Tentative statement about a cause and effect relation between two or more events o Theories: set of statements that describes and explains known facts, proposes relations among variables, and makes new predictions. good theory is one that generates testable hypotheses o Naturalistic and Clinical Observations as Sources of Hypotheses and Theories To understand human behaviour or other animal’s behaviours, we first have to know something about that behaviour Naturalists: people that observe animals in their natural environment without disturbing them (i.e. Jane Goodall) Case studies: detailed description of an individual’s behaviour during the course of clinical treatment or diagnosis. Survey study: researchers ask people specially designed and controlled questions, i.e. about their beliefs, opinions, or attitudes - Designing an Experiment o Variables: things that vary in value Scientists either manipulate or measure the values of variables There would be two groups: • Experimental group • Control group (won’t get to experience what experimental group experiences) Independent variable: variable that is manipulated Dependent variable: variable that we measure - Performing an Experiment o Reliability of measurements www.notesolution.com Procedure deserved by an operational definition that produces consistent results under consistent conditions o Selecting the Participants Random assignment is u
More Less

Related notes for PSYA01H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.