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Canada (161,877)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYA02H3 (961)
John Bassili (149)
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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili
Semester
Summer

Description
CHAPTER 11 INTELLIGENCE AND THINKING (omit pages 347-356) Intelligence the general term used to refer to a persons ability to learn and remember information, to recognize concepts and their relations, and to apply the information to their own behaviour in an adaptive way Differential Approach an approach to the study of intelligence that involves the creation of tests that identifies and measures individual differences in peoples knowledge and abilities to solve problems - (e.g.) tests such as defining words, explaining proverbs, solving arithmetic problems, discovering similarities in shapes and patterns, and answer questions about a passage of prose Developmental Approach an approach to the study of intelligence based on the way children learn to perceive, manipulate, and think about the world Information Processing Approach an approach to the study of intelligence that focuses on the types of skills people use to think and to solve problems THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE The differential approach assumes that we can best investigate the nature of intelligence by studying the ways in which people differ on tests of such intellectual abilities Spearmans Two-Factor Theory Charles Spearman proposed that a persons performance on a test of intellectual ability is determined by two factors: the g factor and the s factor G Factor according to Spearman, a factor of intelligence that is common to all intellectual tasks; includes apprehension of experience, education of relations, and education of correlates - Spearman defined the g factor as comprising three qualitative principles of cognition: apprehension of experience, eduction (the process of drawing or bringing out; of figuring out from given facts) of relations, and eduction of correlates - Eduction of relations refers to the ability to perceive the relation between (e.g) LAWYER and CLIENT - Eduction of correlates refers to the ability to apply a rule inferred from one case to a similar case (e.g.) LAWYER is to CLIENT as DOCTOR is to______ (obviously PATIENT) S Factor according to Spearman, a factor of intelligence that is specific to a particular task A persons score on a particular test depends on 2 things: the persons specific ability (s) on the particular test (such as spatial reasoning) and his or her level of the g factor, or general reasoning ability www.notesolution.com
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