Textbook Notes (367,788)
Canada (161,401)
Psychology (9,688)
PSYA02H3 (961)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 14

Chapter 14

9 Pages
96 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili
Semester
Summer

Description
Chapter 14 Personality: pattern of thinkingbehaving that is unique per person and lasts across time and place Researching personality: identify personality characteristics and the variables that produce and control them Personality type: category of personality that is based on developmental experiences and physical characteristics Similar cultures and personality often arise from living in close proximity Galen: Came up with 4 temperamental types: Sanguine = excess of blood. Fun-loving, outgoing, and wants company. Not Neurotic and Extraverted Melancholic = excess of black bile. Gloomy, depressed. Neurotic and Introverted Phlegmatic = excess of phlegm. Sluggish, lazy. Not Neurotic and Introverted Choleric = excess yellow bile. Violentaggressive. Neurotic and Extraverted Personality trait is continuous across time and situations: - do not have to be distinct (e.g. more than one person can be cheery) - they do have to reveal themselves in a variety of situations - they have to be enduring - they have to be unique to the person - better than types, since it is easier to measure the degree of a trait than it is a type Allport: - studied how words were used to describe personality traits - idea was that if a trait was important enough, it could be defined by one word - Initially had 18 000 words - Of these, 4500 were personality traits Cardinal traits: those traits that define a person - Mandelas need for justice or Mother Teresas generosity Central traits: traits that capture important characteristics about the person saying they are honest or confident Secondary traits: traits that have minor influence on consistency of behaviour he is a punctual person Cattell: - Argued there were 16 personality traits (he called these factors) - Used factor analysis to limit down 4500 traits to 35 clusters www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for PSYA02H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit