Textbook Notes (362,790)
Canada (158,054)
Psychology (9,545)
PSYA02H3 (931)
Chapter 12

Chapter 12 Personality .docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Steve Joordens

Prenatality: A Womb with a View - Developmental psychology: the study of continuity and change across the life span - Prenatal stage stage ends with birth - Zygote: fertilled egg that’s contains chromosomes from both sperm and an egg o 23 chromosomes that contain genes - ferminal stage: 2 week period that begins at conception o cell dividion begins o implant in uterus - embroyoci stage: that lasts from te second week until about the 8 weekth o dividion cont o know as a embryo o heart beat, ams and legs o embryos that have a x,y chromosome produce testosterone - fetal stage o 9 week until birth o known at a fetus o movement o last 3 months size increases rapidly - teratogens: agents that damge the process the development - fetal alcohol syndrome: developental disorder that stems from heavy acohol use by the mother during pregancy o brain abnormalities and cognitive deficits Infancy and Childhood: Becoming a Person - infancy: stage of development that begins at bith and last between 18-24 months - motor development: emrgence of the abiity ro exacute physical actions such as reaching, grasping, crawling and walking o small amount f reflexes at birth - ceohalocaudal rule (top to botttom rule): the tendency for motor skills to emerge in a squence from head to fett - proximodistal rule (inside to outside): the tendency for motor skills to emerhe in the squence from the centor to the periphery - cognitive development: emergence of the ability to think and understand - piaget four stages od development - childhood: stage of development that begine at about 18-24 months and last until adolescence o sensorimotor stage: stage of development from birth to infancy  use sense to acquire information  childern development schema about houw the world works  assimilation: infants apply there schemas to novel situations  accommodation: infants revise their schemas in light of new information  infants do not have a theory of object permance which is t
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