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Chapter 16

CH.16 PSYA02 - Chapter 16.docx

9 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
Steve Joordens

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Description
Chapter 16Stress and HealthSTRESSORSspecific events or chronic pressures that place demands on a person or threaten the persons wellbeingSTRESSthe physical and psychological response to internal or external stressorsHEALTH PSYCHOLOGYthe subfield of psychology concerned w ways psychological factors influence the causes and treatment of physical illness and the maintenance of healthSources of Stress What Gets to Youstressors are personal events that affect the comfortable pattern of our lives and little annoyances that bug us day after day Stressful EventsThomas Holmes and Richard Rahe proposed that major life changes cause stress and that increased stress causes illnessresearch has shown that compared w negative events positive events produce less psychological distress and fewer physical symptoms however positive events often require readjustment and preparedness that many people find extremely stressfulChronic StressorsCHRONIC STRESSORSsources of stress that occur continuously or repeatedlypeople who report having a lot of daily hassles also report more psychological symptoms and physical symptomseg strained relationships nagging relatives money troubles etcmany chronic stressors are linked to particular environmentseg noise traffic pollution etcthe realization that chronic stressors are linked to environments has spawned the subfield environmental psychologythe scientific study of environmental effects on behavior and health Perceived Control over Stressful Eventsstressors challenge you to do somethingto take some action to eliminate or overcome the stressorexpecting that you will have control over what happens to you is associated w effectiveness in dealing w stressstudies have found that a lack of perceived control underlies other stressors toofor eg the stressful effects of crowding appear to stem from the feeling that you cant control getting away from the crowded conditions
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