Textbook Notes (368,780)
Canada (162,164)
Psychology (27)
PSYA02H3 (27)
Chapter 10

PSYA02H3 10.4 MODULE CHAPTER 10.docx

3 Pages
83 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA02H3
Professor
Steve Joordens
Semester
Winter

Description
PSYA02H3  WEEK 2/LEC07/14.01.13 CHAPTER 10: LIFE SPAN DEVELOPMENT  Module 10.4 Adulthood and Aging ­ There’s no well­defined biological event that marks the transition from  adolescence to young adulthood ­ In the US, turning 18 I some arbitrary threshold to adulthood, but many 18 year  olds don’t take on full adult responsibilities  ­ Adulthood is largely determined by sociocultural norms and expectations about  establishing a long­term relationship, perhaps having children, buying a house,  retiring, and etc.  ­ Since there’s no true biological or psychological marker signaling adulthood,  there are age brackets; Young adulthood from 18­40years, middle adulthood from  40­65years, and older adulthood from 65years­onwards  PHYSICAL CHANGES IN ADULTHOOD  ­ Most obvious signs of age­related physical changes occurs in middle adulthood,  including increased likelihood of weight gain, thinning and graying of hair, and  some decline in sensory abilities such as hearing and sight ­ One major physical change affecting women at approximately age 50 is  menopause, the termination of menstrual cycle and reproductive ability ­ Some physical changes caused by menopause are lower levels of estrogen  resulting in hot flashes, reduced sex drive, and mood swings ­ The brain shows normal structural changes and some decline in functioning with  age; changes include reduced volume of white and gray matter of cerebral cortex,  as well as memory­processing in hippocampus  ­ Aging also puts people in serious risk for neurodegenerative conditions, which  are characterized by significant loss of nerve cells and nervous system functioning  Dementia refers to a set of symptoms including mild to severe disruption of mental  functioning, memory loss, disorientation, poor judgment, and decision making.  ­ Approx. 14% of individuals above the age of 71 have dementia and nearly 10% of  these cases involve Alzheimer’s disease – a degenerative and terminal condition  resulting in severe damage of the entire brain  COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT: WISDOM AND CHANGE  Working the Scientific Literacy Model What do we know about different cognitive abilities?  ­ Some cognitive tasks require the ability to react quickly and have mental  flexibility  ▯ fluid intelligence, which involves processes such as problem­solving  and reasoning 1 ­ Elderly people mayn’t have any issues solving a complicated crossword puzzle  because it taps into crystallized intelligence, a type of intelligence based on  accumulated experiences and s
More Less

Related notes for PSYA02H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit