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Chapter 11

PSYA02H3 MODULE 11.3 CHAPTER 11.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA02H3
Professor
Steve Joordens
Semester
Winter

Description
PSYA02H3  WEEK 3/LEC07/14.01.31 CHAPTER 11: MOTIVATION AND EMOTION Module 11.3 Social Achievement Motivation THE NEED TO BELONG ­ Abraham Maslow (1943) hierarchy of needs show the increasing complexity of  motivational needs ­ Researchers have explored how and why we’re motivated to become affiliated  with others, called the issue as a “fundamental need to belong” – a need as basic  as nourishment and protection Belonging is a Need, Not a Want The need to belong (sometimes known as affiliation motivation) is the motivation to  maintain relationships that involve pleasant feelings such as warmth, affection,  appreciation, and mutual concern for each person’s well­being.  ­ In addition, an individual must have a sense that these feelings are apart of a  permanent relationship Working the Scientific Literacy Model Terror management theory is a psychological perspective asserting that the human fear  of mortality motivates behavior, particularly those that preserve self­esteem and sense of  belonging.  1 What do we know about terror management theory?  ­ Life­threatening experiences are terrifying and emotional but we can maintain a  sense of calm because we use anxiety buffers – concepts and beliefs that prevent  death­related anxiety  o Elements include worldview, such as religious and political beliefs, and a  sense of self­esteem How can scientists study terror management? ­ To measure the motivational power of terror management, researchers induce  mortality salience – an increased awareness of death – with simple reminders o  I.e. volunteers may write a
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