Textbook Notes (367,933)
Canada (161,513)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYA02H3 (961)
Chapter 16

Chapter 16.pdf

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA02H3
Professor
Steve Joordens
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter16HealthStressandCopingBehaviorandHealthSomepoliticianshospitaladministratorsandothermembersofsocietyadvocateafattaxtaxingindividualsfortheirexcessweightoHealthpsychologistsstudybothpositiveandnegativeimpactsthathumansbehavioranddecisionshaveontheirhealthsurvivalandwellbeingSmokingoSmokingcigarettescauseslifeshorteninghealthproblemsincludinglungmouthandthroatcancerheartdiseaseandpulmonarydiseasessuchasemphysemaoThelifeexpectancyoftheaveragesmokerisbetween7and14yearsshorterthananonsmokero206ofUSadultssmokecigarettes36millionisspenteachdayoncigaretteadvertisementsObesityoFreshman15thesupposenumberofpoundsincomingcollegestudentscanexpecttogainduringtheirfirstyearofschooloAccordingtotheNationalInstitutesofHealthroughly2thirdsofUSadultsareoverweightorobeseMoreoverfrom1960to2004obesityratesincreasefrom133to321foradultsbetween20and74yearsofageoObesityisassociatedwithanumberofcardiovasculardiseasesdiabetesosteoarthritisandsomeformsofcanceroBodymassindexBMIisastatisticcommonlyusedforestimatingahealthybodyweightthatfactorsinanindividualsheightGeneticsandBodyWeightoGenesaccountbetween50to90ofthevariationinbodyweightInfluencinggeneticfactorssuchasbodytypemetabolismandotherphysiologicalprocessesthatcontributetobodyweightandsizeoSetpointahypothesizedmechanismthatservestomaintainbodyweightaroundaphysiologicalprogrammedlevelYourinitialsetpointiscontrolledbygeneticmechanismsbutyouractualweightcanbemodifiedbyenvironmentalfactorsnamelywhatandhowmuchyoueatSocialFactorsoBodyweightamongfamilymembersarenaturallyinfluencedbywhatandhowmuchtheyareeatingoFoodadvertisementstriggereatingafterwatchingacommercialforbutterymicrowavepopcornyouhaveprobablyfoundyourselfrummagingaroundinthekitcheninsearchofthatlastbagyouhopeisstillthere
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