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PSYA02H3 (961)
Chapter 13

Chapter 13.pdf

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA02H3
Professor
Steve Joordens
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 13 : Psychological Disorder  Medical model: usuing our undertanding of medical condtions to think about the psyhological conditions.  Psychological factors include persitent megative beliefs about the self and feelings hopelessness  Social factors such as improverished neighborhoods and stressful family problems.  Abnormal psychology is the psychological study of mental illness.  The difference between these two “unusual” individuals is that ther pesron who harms himself is exhibiting maladaptive behaviour, or behaviour that hinders a person’s ability to function in work, school, relationships or society.  To ditinguish between the abnormal and the unusual. - the behaviour casues distress to self or other. - the behaviour impairs the ability to function in day-to-day activities. - the behaviour increases the risk of injury, death, legal problems or punishment for breaking rules or other detrimental consequences.  Diagnostic and statistial manual for mental disorder (DSM-IV) the manual that extablishes criteria for the diagnosis of mental disorders.  Etiology, or the origins or causes of symptoms.  Pst-traumatic stree disorder (PTSD)  Dimensional views of psychological distorders becaue the normal-abnormal distinction is a matter of degree.  Categorical view of psychological disroders regards different mental onditions as separate types; difference between normal and abnormal functioning are kind, rather than degree.  Down syndrome is an example of a categorical disorder.  Two mental health issues that affect the public sphere include the insanity defense and the public perception of individuals who have mental illness.  Insanity is a legal concept and is not diretly related to psychological diagnoses and treatment.  Insanity defence is the legal strategy of claiming that a defendant was unable to differentiate between right and wrong when the criminal at was committed.  Personality disorder as particularly unusual patterns of behaviour for one’s ulture that are maladaptive, distressing to oneself or others and resistant to change.  The DSM-IV identifies clusters of personality disorders involving (1) odd or eccenttric behaviour, (2) dramatic, emotional, and errati behaviour; and (3) anxious, fearful and inhibited behaviour.  Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by intense extremes between positive and negative emotions, an unstable sense of self, impulsivitity, and difficulty social relationships.  Self-injury which may involve utting or burning oneself.  Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is characterizied by an inflated and admiration, as well as intense self-doubt and fear of abandonment.  Histrionic personality disorder (HPD) which is characterized by excessive attention seeking and dramatic behaviour.  Antisocial personality disorder (APD) refers to a condition marked by a habitual pattern of willingly violating others personal rights, with very little sign of empathy or remorse.  Psychological disorders: - conduct disorders have difficulty learning tasks that require decision making and following of complex rules. - Reduced activity in the frontal lobes. - attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)  Socicultural factors  Biological factors.  Comorbidity is the presence of two disroders simultaneously, or the presence of a second disorder that affects the one being treated.  Dissociative experiences because they are characterized by a sense of separation-a dissociation-between you and your surroundings.  Dissociative disorder, a category of mental disorders characterized by a split between conscious awareness from feelings, cognition, memory, and identity. - dissociative fugue - depersonalization disorder - dissociative amnesia  Dissociative id
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