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Chapter 15

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA02H3
Professor
Steve Joordens
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 15: Social Psychology  15.1::Social Influences on Behavior and Attitudes Norms, Roles and Conformity • Social Psychology: how individuals perceive and think about other people o Behavior depends on where we are than who we are • Social norms: how to behave in social contexts o Public behavior & manners • Social roles: behaviors associated within a group •  Stanford Prison Stud ­ studying on how normal people can take on different types of role o Closely scrutinize the ethical implications of the research Mimicry and Conformity • Mimicry: when one person copies another’s behavior o Non­conscious mimicry (chameleon effect): when individuals mimic other behavior without any  obvious use o Focuses on how we are influenced by others • Conformity: change in behavior to fit with a group o Occurs because people think they are missing while other time it arises. Group Influence and Authority Social Loafing and Social Facilitation • Social loafing: when an individual working as a group reduces their effort o Wont help my performance; wont make a difference; rewards don't matter to me; no one else is  trying hard • Social facilitation: when individual’s performance is better in the presence of others when alone • Group think: decision­making problem when group members avoid arguments o Become over confidence▯minimize potential problems▯apply social pressure to members • Obedience: complying with instructions from the one in authority (Classic study of obedience) Attitudes and Actions • Conforming to group attitudes o Issue at hand needs to be highly identified o There must be some ambiguity in the issue • Group polarization: when members of a group discuss characteristic attitudes of the group and views  become stronger • Cognitive dissonance: when one has two thoughts; o Cognitions, inconsistent with each other o Dissonance, experiences motivation to reduce the discrepancy o Ex) a boy stealing stuff from a convenience store (denial of responsibility) Central and peripheral routes to compliance • Central route: one taking time to evaluate evidence & use valid logic • Peripheral route: quick judgement made based on limited evidence and emotions 15.2:: Social Cognition • Intuitive thought: quick, effortless, automatic thinking • Deliberative thought: careful, effortful and rational process Pearson Perception • Pearson perception: processes which individuals form judgments and categorize people • When first encountering people we rely on schemas: knowledge and expectations about individuals • Quick way of assessing individuals ▯ thin slices: judging people on limited information Self­fulfilling & Attributions • Self­fulfilling prophecy: when first impressions affect 
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