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PSYA02H3 (961)
Chapter 11

Chapter 11

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Steve Joordens

Chapter 11 Theories of IntelligenceIntelligence general term used to refer to a persons ability to learn and remember information to recognize concepts and their relations and to apply information to their own behaviour in an adaptive wayDepends on cultural judgements Three dominant approaches to study of intelligenceDifferential approachapproach to study of intelligence that involves creation of tests that identify and measure individual differences in peoples knowledge and abilities to solve problems those that use important skills in classroomdefine words explain proverbs solve arithmetic problems discover similarities in shape and patterns and answer questions about a passage or proseDevelopmental approachstudies way in which children learn to perceive manipulate and think about world most influential psychologisst was Swiss Jean PiagetInformation processing approachfocuses on types of skills people use to think and to solve various types of problemsTheories of intelligencePeople vary in their abilities to learn and use words to solve arithmetic problems and to perceive and remember spacial informationDifferential approaches assume that we can best investigate nature of intelligence by studying ways in which people differ on tests of such intellectual abilities Three theories of intelligenceTwofactor theoryinformation processing theoryneuropsychological theorySpearmans TwoFactor TheoryCharles Spearman proposed that persons performance on test of intellectual ability is determined by two factorsG factorcommon to all tasks includes apprehension of experience eduction of relations and eduction of correlations qualitative principles of cognition eductionprocess of drawing or bringing out figuring out from factseduction of correlationsability to apply rule inferred from one case to similar caseuses analogy problemsemperical evidencecomes from correlations among various tests of particular intellectual abillities accounts for moderate correlations among different tests of ability S factorspecific to a particular task Factor analysisstatistical procedure that identifies comon factors among groups of tests developed by Spearman and Karl Pearsoncommon factorsparticular abilities that affect peoples performance on more than one testif each persons scores on several tests correlate
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