Textbook Notes (363,232)
Canada (158,276)
Psychology (9,573)
PSYA02H3 (932)
Fornier (13)
Chapter 18

chapter 18

15 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough

Chapter 18 The Treatment of Mental Disorders Mental Disorders and Psychotherapy Early Treatment of Mental Disorders: -trephining: surgical procedure in which a hole is made in the skull of a living person so that evil spirits would leave victims head -painful + degrading practises: insults, exorcism, beatings, starving, browning etc. -Pinel experimented successfully with treating patients with mental illness well -Charcothypnosis as means of treatment -eclectic approach: form of therapy where the therapist uses whatever method they feel works best for a particular client at a particular time. Insight Therapies -insight therapy: people are normal but learn maladaptive thought patterns and emotions which are revealed in maladaptive behavioursbehaviour is a symptom of deeper underlying psychological problems and once the cause is understood, the problems will stop -insight leads to cure -Types of insight therapies Type Psychologi Definition st Psychoanalys Freud -Aims to provide client with insight into their is unconscious motivations + impulses -gains insight through: dreams, physical problems, memory, speech, cognitive + emotional reactions to therapy -main goal: interpret clues about origins of intrapsychic conflict given by client Technique: Free association: client encouraged to speak freely, www.notesolution.com without censoring possibly embarrassing or socially unacceptable thoughts or ideas resistance: develops during therapy where the client becomes defensive, unconsciously attempts to halt further insight by censoring their true feelings transference: client begins to project powerful attitudes and emotions onto therapist Countertransference: when therapist projects their emotions on to the clientunhealthy Modern -place less emphasis on sexual factors during Psychodyna development and more emphasis on social + mic Therapy interpersonal experiences -address issues in present life rather than just childhood -ego= plays more active role in influencing persons thoughts + actions and so less constrained by unconscious -can be brieffocuses on schemata that client has about interpersonal relationships and attempts to modify the incorrect ones or ones that prevent client from developing fulfilling relationships with others Humanistic -provide client with greater understanding of his or her therapy unique potential for personal growth and self- actualization Types: client-centered and Gestalt Client- Carl -client allowed to decide what to talk about without centered Rogers strong direction and judgement from the therapist Therapy -incongruence: discrepancy between clients real and ideal selves -goal: reduce incongruence by fostering experiences that will make attainment of ideal self possible. This is helped when therapist shows empathy (ability to perceive world from anothers perspective). -unconditional positive regard: therapist tries to convery to client that their worth as a human is not dependent on anything they think or do or feel. Gestalt Fritz Perls -emphasizes unity of mind and body by teaching client Therapy to get in touch with unconscious bodily sensations and emotional feelings. -therapist is confrontational and challenges client to deal honestly with their emotions www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for PSYA02H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.