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PSYA02H3 (932)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 14

Chapter 14 TEXTBOOK NOTES - MIDTERM REVIEW (Personality)

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John Bassili

Chapter 14 Personality Personality: a particular pattern of behaviour and thinking that prevails across time and situations and differentiates one person from another. TRAIT THEORIES OF PERSONALITY Personality Types and Traits th Hippocrates first Greek physician to explain differences in personality in 4 century C.E. o Then refined by Galen in 2 century C.E. 4 humours: o Yellow bile choleric people bad-tempered and irritable o Black bile melancholic people gloomy and pessimistic o Phlegm phlegmatic people sluggish, calm, unexcitable o Blood sanguine people cheerful and passionate Personality types: difference categories into which personality characteristics can be assigned based on factors such as developmental experiences or physical experiences Personality trait: an enduring personal characteristic that reveals itself in a particular pattern of behaviour in a variety of situations Identification of Personality Traits Influential trait categorization models: the theories of Gordon Allport, Raymond Cattell, and Hans Eysenck, five factor model Gordon Allports Search for Traits o Believed traits were neuropsychological properties that led to behavioural consistencies o All traits have equal influence on their possessors Cardinal traits: characterizes a strong unifying influence on a persons behaviour (i.e. Hitlers relentless exercise of oppressive power) Central traits: less singular in their influence on people, and capture important characterizations of an individual (i.e. when someone is honest and warm to distinguish them from others) Secondary traits: characteristics that have minor influences on behaviour (i.e. persons tendency to frequently change jobs) Raymond Cattell: Sixteen Personality Factors o Used Allports 18,000 trait list as a starting point www.notesolution.com
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