Textbook Notes (368,440)
Canada (161,878)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYA02H3 (961)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 8

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John Bassili

Chapter 8 Respondent ConditioningOperant behaviours controlled by consequencesOperant conditioning manipulation of consequencesRespondent behaviours controlled elicited by antecedent stimuliRespondent conditioning manipulation of antecedent stimuliDefining Respondent Conditioningunconditioned responsesunconditioned stimuliUR is a natural reflexive action of body that occurs when US is presentRespondent conditioning occurs when a previously neutral stimulus NS is paired with USas a result NS becomes a conditioned stimulus CS and elicits conditioned response CR similar to the URUR or CR is called a respondent behaviourRespondent conditioning is also called classical conditioning or Pavlovian conditioningPavlovdogs salivated when meat powder was placed in their mouths US will elicit UR Then presented NS sound of metronome just before he put meat powder in dogs mouth a number of times then just the sound by itself Dog still salivated to sound of metronome became a CS bc it was paired a number of times with the meatAny stimulus can become CS if its paired a number of times with USTiming of the Neutral Stimulus and Unconditioned Stimulus o Trace conditioning NS precedes US but NS ends before the US is presented in eyeblink example present clicking sound and after clicking sound stopped y
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