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PSYA02H3 (931)
Chapter 11

Chapter 11 Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Oren Amitay

Chapter 11 Intelligence and Thinking Intelligence t refer to a persons ability to learn and remember information, to recognize concepts and their relations, and to apply the information to their own behaviour in an adaptive way Differential approach an approach to the study of intelligence that involves the creation of tests that identify and measure individual differences in peoples knowledge and abilities to solve problems e.g. explain proverbs, solve arithmetic problems, discover similarities in shapes Developmental approach an approach to the study of intelligence based on the way children learn to perceive, manipulate, and think about the world Information processing approach an approach to the study of intelligence that focuses on the types of skills people use to think and to solve problems Theories of Intelligence - IQ is not a single, general characteristic Intellectual abilities are completely independent of one another E.g. excellent at spatial reasoning but poor at solving verbal analogies Not totally independent; not one general factor influences all abilities - AQ, athletic quotient, add numbers up, yielding a total score Consists of a variety of skills, and different sports require different combinations of skills Spearmans Two-Factor Theory Charles Spearman proposed that a persons performance on a test of intellectual ability is determined by two factors: G factor a factor of intelligence that is common to all intellectual tasks Three qualitative principles of cognition:1)hension of experience 2)eduction of relation3) eduction(process of drawing or bringing out) correlates - solving analogies requires all three principles e.g. Lawyer:Client::Doctor:______ 1) peoples ability to perceive and understand what they experience reading and understanding each of the words 2) the ability to perceive the relation between Lawyer and Client namely, that the lawyer works for the client 3) the ability to apply a rule inferred from one case to a similar case doctor works for Patient S factor a factor of intelligence that is specific to a particular task About the correlations test: - the general fact (g) accounted for the moderate correlations among different tests of ability www.notesolution.com
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