Textbook Notes (363,232)
Canada (158,276)
Psychology (9,573)
PSYA02H3 (932)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 11

chapter 11

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University of Toronto Scarborough
John Bassili

CHAPTER 11: INTELLIGENCE AND THINKING INTELLIGENCE: persons ability to learn and remember information, to recognize concepts and their relations, and to apply the information to their own behaviour in an adaptive way. Differential approach: favours the development of tests that identify and measure individual differences in peoples abilities to solve problems, particularly those that use skills important in the classroom. Developmental approach: studies the ways in which children learn to perceive, manipulate, and think about the world. Information processing approach: focuses on the types of skills people yse to think and solve various types of problems. Charles Spearman: persons information on a test of intellectual ability is determined by two factors: G factor: general factor, common to all intellectual tasks; apprehension of experience (peoples ability to perceive and understand what they experience), eduction of relations (ability to perceive the relation between two things), and eduction of correlates (ability to apply a ruleinformation). S factor: specific factor, a factor of intelligence that is specific to a particular task. Karl Pearson and Spearman developed factor analysis: a statistical procedure that identifies common factors among groups of tests. Robert Sternberg, success that people achieve in life is strongly affected by the extent to which thy effectively analyze and manage their unique combinations of strengths and weaknesses. Successful intelligence: the ability to effectively analyze and manage personal strengths and weaknesses. Analytic intelligence: mental mechanisms people use to plan and execute tasks; metacomponents, performance components, and knowledge acquisition components. Creative intelligence: ability to deal effectively with novel situations and to solve familiar problems automatically. 1 www.notesolution.com
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