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PSYA02H3 (961)
Chapter 14-18

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Steve Joordens

CHAPTER 1418 Personality A particular pattern of behaviour and thinking that prevails across time and situations and differentiates one person from another Personality Types Different categories into which personality characteristics can be assigned based on factors such as developmental experiences or physical characteristics Personality Types An enduring personal characteristic that reveals itself in a particular pattern of behaviour in a variety of situations Extroversion The tendency to seek the company of other people to be spontaneous and to engage in conversation and other social behaviours with them Introversion The tendency to avoid the company of other people to be inhibited and cautious shyness Neuroticism The tendency to be anxious worried and full of guilt Emotional Stability The tendency to be aggressive egocentric and antisocial SelfControl The tendency to be kind considerate and obedient of laws and rules FiveFactor Model A theory stating that personality is composed of five primary dimensions neuroticism extroversion openness agreeableness and conscientiousness This theory was developed using factor analyses of ratings of the words people use to describe personality characteristics Neuroticism Extraversion and Openness Personality Inventory NEOPIR The instrument used to measure the elements described in the fivefactor model neuroticism extroversion openness agreeableness and conscientiousness Machiavellianism A trait characterized by skill t manipulating others socially Psychopathy A trait describing a lack of empathy for others and a high degree of impulsivity Narcissism A trait characterized by grandiosity and feelings of superiority Social Cognitive Theory The idea that both the consequences of behaviour and an individuals beliefs about those consequences determine personality Observational Learning Learning through observation of the kinds of consequences others called models experience as a result of their behaviour Expectancy The belief that a certain consequence will follow a certain action Reciprocal Determinism The idea that behaviour environment and person variables interact to determine personality SelfEfficacy Peoples beliefs about how well or badly they will perform tasks Situationism The view that the behaviours defining a certain personality are determined solely by the current situation rather than by any persevering traits
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