Textbook Notes (362,902)
Canada (158,096)
Psychology (9,565)
PSYA02H3 (931)
Fornier (13)

Ch 13

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough

CHAPTER 13 MOTIVATION AND EMOTION WHAT IS MOTIVATION? Motivation a general term for a group of phenomena that affect the nature, strength, or persistence of an individuals behaviour - Pleasantunpleasant approach or avoidance (appetitive vs. aversive) - Physiological, behavioural, cognitive, social Biological Needs Regulatory behaviour a behaviour that tens to bring physiological conditions back to normal, thus restoring the condition of homeostasis Homeostasis the process by which important physiological characteristics (body temp and blood pressure) are regulated so that they remain at their optimum level (internal regulation) System variable the variable controlled by a regulatory mechanism Set point the optimum value of the system variable in a regulatory mechanism Detector in a regulatory process, a mechanism that signals when the system variable deviates from its set point Correctional mechanism in a regulatory process, the mechanism that is capable of restoring the system variable to the set point Negative feedback a process whereby the effect produced by an action serves to diminish or terminate that action. Regulatory systems are characterized by negative feedback loops Drive reduction hypothesis the hypothesis that a drive (resulting form physiological need or deprivation) reduces an unpleasant state that causes an organism to engage in motivated behaviours. Reduction of drive is assumed to be reinforcing Drive a condition, often cased by physiological changes in homeostatic disequilibrium that energizes an organisms behaviour Physiology of Reinforcement Optimum-Level Theory Optimum-level hypothesis the hypothesis that organisms will perform behaviour that restores the level of arousal to an optimum level Diversive exploration response to understimulation (boredom) that increases the diversity o the stimuli the organism tries to come in contact with Specific exploration a response to the overstimulation (usually because of a specific need) that leads to the needed item, thereby decreasing the organisms drive level Perseverance Perseverance the tendency to continue to perform a behaviour even when it is not being reinforced Overjustification hypothesis the superfluous application of extrinsic rewards to intrinsically motivated behaviour will undermine intrinsic motivation www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for PSYA02H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.