Textbook Notes (369,141)
Canada (162,412)
Psychology (9,699)
PSYA02H3 (962)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 15

Chapter 15 Study Guide

9 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Chapter 15 Social Psychology Social Cognition: how people attend to, perceive, interpret, and respond to the social world A major task of social psychology is to understand how we form impressions Study impression formation: the way in which we integrate information about anothers traits into a coherent sense of who the person is [Asch]: our impressions of others are formed by more complex rules than just simple sum of characteristics that we use to describe people Schema: mental framework of body of knowledge that organizes and synthesizes information about a person, place or thing Schemas help us aid us in interpreting the world Once you know the context of a passage you would interpret the passage easily Central Traits: Personality attributes that organize and influence the interpretation of other traits [Asch] performed warm-cold test. Found that warm formed more positive impressions than those who heard cold Primacy Effect: tendency to form impressions of people based on first information we receive about them [Asch] presented two list of words, one in the reverse order, same words but different impressions (intelligent, industrious, impulsive, critical, stubborn, envious) We observe what a person does and says then purposefully think about what those behaviors reveal about hisher qualities [Brown and Bassili] suggested that people may generate trait like labels from observing a persons behaviour Self: a persons distinct individuality Self Concept: ones knowledge, feelings and ideas about oneself (self-identity) How you perceive yourself and interpret events that are relevant to defining who you are Self-schema: mental framework that represents and synthesizes information about yourself Self concept is dynamic, it changes with experience Thinking of ourselves only in terms of who we are at present does not accurately reflect how we will think of ourselves in the future or the kind of person we might become Cross-Cultural Psychologists: a branch of psychology that studies the effects of culture on behaviour Culture: group of people who live together in a common environment, who share customs and religious beliefs and practices, and who often resemble each other genetically www.notesolution.com
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