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PSYA02H3 (961)
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Chapter 10

Chapter 10 Notes

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John Bassili

Chapter 10 Notes language: exible systems that use symbols to express many meanings communication does not only make use of language (mating signals) psycholinguists (study of verbal behavior) are more concerned with human cognition and social behavior than language language aids our memory and thinking process through things like note taking PERCEPTION OF SPEECH a series of sounds in a punctuated stream with changes in pitch and emphasis on certain words not individual words- must identify words and meaning in a stream we can recognize individuals from the sounds of their speech- the auditory system detects the patterns underlying speech and not just the sounds produced from it Belin, Zatorre, Ahad: temporal lobe in auditory cortex had a large difference in response when listening to human vocalizations and natural sounds Analyzing details in speech--> left hemisphere phonemes: smallest unit of SOUNDS (pin--> p i n) distinguishing phonemes: voice-onset time is the delay between the sound of a constant and the vibration of vocal cords (helps us tell the difference between similar sounding constants and words junctions) morphemes: smallest units of MEANING (fast is a free stranding morpheme and has meaning on its own while est is a bound morpheme and does not have meaning on its own) the auditory system does not just recognize individual phonemes, it recognizes speech sounds in chunks (perception of phoneme is determined by the sound that follows itthe larger word) morphemes are established by learning and experience electrical signal released when morpheme is heard- N100 response meaning is also established with the help of surroundings and other contexts MEANING OF SPEECH Syntax (to put together) following the rules of english grammar- proper grouping and organization of words syntax is automatic not conscious when a syntax is more complex, our brains become more active learning syntax involves implicit (doing) and explicit (knowingexplaining) memory but we do not need explicit memory to communicate with others because talking about the meanings of words and recognizing their application is not necessary in communicating Syntactical Cues word order: may tell us what is occurring in the sentence word class: we do not need knowledge of word class to use language nouns, verbs, etc www.notesolution.com
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