Textbook Notes (362,837)
Canada (158,073)
Psychology (9,549)
PSYA02H3 (931)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 17

Chapter 17 Textbook

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University of Toronto Scarborough
John Bassili

Chapter 17 The Nature and Causes of Psychological Disorders etiology: causes or origins of diseases Classification and Diagnosis of Psychological Disorders What is Abnormal? abnormal refers to any departure from the norm o ex Einstein = abnormal BUT the term has taken on a negative connotation as if abnormal is bad distinction between normal and abnormal behaviour = subjective psychological disorder = whether ones behaviour is maladaptive o if someone does something that is maladaptive, doesnt mean they have a disorder o all is very subjective Perspectives on the Causes of Psychological Disorders caused by a interaction of hereditary, cognitive, and environmental factors some cases genetic component is SO strong, will have psychological disorder regardless of environment several perspectives each puts emphasis on these factors The Psychodynamic Perspective psychological disorders originate in intra-psychic conflict produced by the three components of the mind: the id, ego, and superego o conflicts between the id, ego, and superego that lead to psychological disorders www.notesolution.com minds defense mechanism cannot produce a resolution that is adequate for all three o defense mechanisms themselves begin distorting reality extreme anxiety, obsessive thoughts, and compulsive behavior, depression, distorted perceptions and patterns of thinking The Medical Perspective illness of the mind Hippocrates = black bile, yellow bile, blood, and phlegm emotional problems asylums were established to confine those with psychological disorders o condition of them were POOR and may have worsened their condition th th 18 19 century quality and compassion improved psychological matters are based on specific abnormalities of the brain and nervous system that they should be approached for treatment in the same way as physical illnesses The Cognitive-Behavioural Perspective psychological disorders are learned maladaptive behaviour patterns that can be best understood by focusing on environmental factors and a persons perception of those factors caused by the persons interaction with hisher environment o NOT spontaneously within the person ex persons excessive use of alcohol may be reinforced by the relief of tension it provides treatment??? replace the maladaptive thoughts with more adaptive ones The Humanistic Perspective psychological disorders arise when people perceive that they must EARN the positive regard of others o proper and natural personality development occurs when people experience unconditional positive regard www.notesolution.com
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