Textbook Notes (362,820)
Canada (158,064)
Psychology (9,546)
PSYA02H3 (931)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 18

Chapter 18 Textbook

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University of Toronto Scarborough
John Bassili

Chapter 18 The Treatment of Psychological Disorders Psychological Disorders and Psychotherapy Early Treatment of Psychological Disorders trephining: a surgical procedure in which a hole is made in the skill of a living person o hole was made for evil spirits to leave the mind The Development of Psychotherapy eclectic approach: form of therapy in which the therapists uses whatever method heshe feels will work best for a particular client at a particular time Insight Therapies practitionars assume that people are essentially normal but learn maladaptive thought patterns and emotions view behaviour as a symptom of a deeper underlying psychological problem Psychoanalysis and Modern Psychodynamic Approaches psychoanalysis: form of therapy aimed at providing the client with insight into hisher unconscious motivations and impulses conflicts demands between the id, ego, and super ego leads to anxiety point of psychoanalysis o place the patient in situations to gain clues about the origins of the intrapsychic conflicts o these clues reveal the patients dreams, memory, manner of speech o by exposing them to these will gain insight into problem o individuals have biased view of their own problems not accurate www.notesolution.comPsychoanalytic Techniques free association: Freud; used to encourage the client to speak freely, without censoring possibly embarrassing or socially unacceptable thoughts o client was encouraged to report any thoughtsimages that came to mind wout worrying about its meaning o minimal authoritative influence over the client (eliminate eye contact) IMPORTANT dream interpretation evaluating the underlying meaning of dream content manifest content of a dream: what eventsimages actually occurs within the latent content of a dream: hidden meaningsignificance behind a dream o manifest masks the latent latent content is anxiety provoking client is healed but must suffer a great deal to attain healing paradox? resistance: when the client becomes defensive and attempts to halt further insight by censoring hisher true feeling o does so by changing the subject, or misses appointments, or forgets what heshe was about to say transference: when the client begins to project powerful attitudes and emotions onto the therapist o occurs over a period of months when the client becomes less inhibited counter-transference: where the therapist projects hisher emotions onto the client Modern Psychodynamic Therapy psychodynamic therapy: therapists search for unconscious conflicts and motivations but do not adhere to Freuds conception of psychoanalysis o place less emphasis on psychosexual development and more emphasis on social and interpersonal experiences o see the ego as having more control over the subconscious intermittent psychodynamic therapy clients do not continuously see a www.notesolution.com
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