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Chapter 10

PSYA02 chapter 10 notes

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John Bassili

Chapter 10 Language Psycholinguistics: branch of psychology devoted to the study o verbal behavior Speech and Comprehension Perception of Speech Left hemisphere of brain plays larger role when analyzing detailed information of speech Analysis of speech usually begins with its elements phonemes o Phonemes: elements of speech smallest units of sound that allow us to distinguish the meaning of a spoken word; minimum unit of sound that conveys meaning in a particular language e.g. pin has 3 phonemes : pin Detectable distinction in phonemes o Voice-onset Time: delay between initial sound of a consonant (puffing the sound of the phoneme p) and the onset f vibration of the vocal cords o Voicing is the vibration of vocal cords Phonemic distinction starts with auditory processes of sensory differences (in both hemispheres) Ganong found that perception of phonemes is affected by the sounds that follow it. Morpheme: combined phonemes; smallest unit of meaning in language o Free morpheme part of word can have its own meaning o Bound morpheme cant stand on its own, must be attached to other morphemes to have a meaning Larger units of speech are established by learning and experience Context affects perception of words through top-down processing as well as word perception Understanding the Meaning of Speech Syntax (grammar) www.notesolution.com
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