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PSYA02H3 (932)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 14

PSYA02 chapter 14 notes part 1

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University of Toronto Scarborough
John Bassili

Chapter 14 Personality - Personality: a particular pattern of behavior and thinking that prevails across time and situations and differentiates one person from another - Goal of psychologists who study personality is to discover the causes of individual differences in behavior - Research on human personality requires 2 kinds of effort o Identifying personality characteristics o Determining the variables that produce and control them - Nominal fallacy is the false belief that causes of an event are explained simply by naming and identifying them Trait Theories of Personality - Psychologists of personality denote a set of personal characteristics that determine the different ways we act and react in a variety of situations - Personality Types and Traits - Hippocrates theory based on common medical beliefs that originated with the ancient Greeks o Body was thought to contain 4 humors, or fluids: yellow bile, black bile, phlegm and blood o Choleric people excess yellow bile; bad-tempered and irritable o Melancholic people excess black bile; gloomy and pessimistic temperaments o Phlegmatic people excess phlegm; sluggish, calm, and unexcitable o Sanguine people excess blood; cheerful and passionate - Personality types: different categories into which personality characteristics can be assigned based on factors such as development experiences or physical characteristics - Theorists conceive individual differences in personality as differences in degrees, not kind www.notesolution.com
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