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Canada (161,547)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYA02H3 (961)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 18

PSYA02 chapter 18 notes

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John Bassili

Chapter 18 The Treatment of Psychological Disorders Psychological Disorders Early Treatment of Psychological Disorders Trephining: a surgical procedure in which a hole is made in the skull of a living person o Opening was made to permit evil spirits to leave the victims head o Some people survived People thought to be unwilling hosts for evil spirits were subjected to curses or insults designed to persuade the demons to leave o If this had no effect, exorcism was attempted to make the persons body an unpleasant place for devils to reside Other rituals included beatings, starving, near drowning, and the drinking of foul- tasting concoctions Some with severe problems were sent to asylums where they were chained and wallowed in their own excrement Others who displayed catatonic postures were displayed to the public for a fee Philippe Pinel improved treatment by changing attitudes of patients o Used kind treatment orderliness and general calm The Development of Psychotherapy Anton Mesmer modern approach to therapy o Theory of magnetic fluxes effect cures by manipulating iron rods and bottles of chemicals Hypnotized his patients and thereby alleviated some of their symptoms Mesmerism Jean Martin Charcot studied therapeutic uses of hypnosis Freud created practice of psychoanalysis www.notesolution.com Eclectic approach: a form of therapy in which the therapist uses whatever method he or she feels will work best for a particular client at a particular time Insight Therapies Psychoanalysis and Modern Psychodynamic Approaches Psychoanalysis: a form of therapy aimed at providing the client with insight into his or her unconscious motivations and impulses Purpose of therapy I to create a setting in which clues about the origins of intrapsychic conflicts are most likely to be revealed by the client One of the main goals of the psychoanalyst is to interpret the clues about the origins of intrapsychic conflict given by the client The clients main job is to provide the psychoanalyst with something to interpret: description of their fears, anxieties, thoughts, or repressed memories Psychoanalytic Techniques o Free association: a psychoanalytic procedure in which the client is encouraged to speak freely, without censoring possibly embarrassing or socially unacceptable o Dream interpretation the evaluation of the underlying meaning of dream content o Manifest manifest content of a dream is the actual images and events that occur within the dream o Latent latent content of a dream is the hidden meaning or significance of the dream o Resistance: development during therapy in which the client becomes defensive, unconsciously attempting to halt further insight by censoring his or her true feelings o Transference: the process by which a client begins to project powerful attitudes and emotions onto the therapist Freud thought of transference as a distraction from the real issue Realized it was an important in the success of therapy www.notesolution.com
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