Report Organization In APA Format
All reports must be:
12-point serif font
With at least 1-inch margins all around
Alignment of text is to the left
All pages are numbered consecutively
Title of the report: describes the relationship between independent and
dependent variables of the study
Author’s name and school affiliation
Running head: short title of the paper that should be no more than 50 characters
A brief paragraph, no more than 120 words, that states what was done to whom and the
major results or findings.
Describe what the plan for the study was and why it needed to be done.
Draw connections to previous research and why it is connected to your research
Presenting the main hypothesis – tells the reader the principal prediction.
Often written first and while the study is in progress.
Needs to be reported clearly so that it can be replicated exactly for future studies.
The validity of the study will be placed largely on the extent to which its method
provided variables that adequately captured the phenomena under study.
Manipulations should be described in detail in the method.
By doing so, allows for readers to evaluate whether a staged event truly
represents the phenomenon that is intended to induce. Divided into four subsections:
Report how many were in the study and how they were recruited
o Include whether random sampling was used
Present age, gender, education, student status, and any other important
characteristics – whether participants were compensated, received course credit,
or volunteered for no material benefit,
Was the study approved by the Institutional Review Board
Describe measures, variables, and type of apparatus or stimuli used in the study
o If survey was used, describe the questions and the number of items
Report the type of design used
Specify the independent and dependent variables
Specify whether it was within- or between-groups design
Specify the sequence of steps of the study
o What you had the participants do and how you collected the data
Summarize findings and the statistical tests you performed.
Report in sufficient detail but do not overwhelm with information
Report all relevant findings, even one that run counter to your hypothesis and
Do not hide unexpected, disappointing, or uncomfortable results
Do not report individual scores or raw data, unless it’s a single-subject design.
Start by providing descriptive statistics of your study