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Chapter 6

Chapter 6 PSYB01.docx

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Anna Nagy

PSYB01 Chapter 6Observational methodsNon expbeh measureobs and not manipulated understanding behaviour involves the scientific methoddeveloping theoriesgenerating hypothesesdesigning experiments or nonexperiments to test those hypothesesoperationally defining variablescollecting analyzing statsqualitative approachAlso called interpretive an approach to research that emphasizes ppls lived experiences in their own words and the researchers interpretation of those experiencesused in counselling psych anthro socio and educationquantitative approachalso called empirical approach an approach to research that emphasizes scientific empiricism in design data collection and statistical analyses most commonly used perspective in psychnaturalistic observationresearcher makes observations in a particular natural setting sometimes called the fieldtypically over an extended period of timehas roots in anthropology and study of animal behaviour and is used to study many phenomenon in all types of social and organizational settingsScribners practical thinking good example of naturalistic observation research in psychology and studied ways that ppl in a variety of occupations make decisions and solve problems she studied the way that workers make mathematical calculations truck drivers and other workers make complex calculations that depend on their acquired knowledgeex p 113 researcher uses this approach when they want to describe and understand how ppl in a social or cultural setting live work and experience the settingnaturalistic observation demands that researchers immerse themselves in the situationoif a qualitative approach is taken field researcher observes everything setting patterns of relationships ppls reactions to events and keeps detailed field notesothe following techniques are used by these researchers observing ppl and events interviewing key informants to provide inside info talking to ppl abt their lives examining documentsstnd1 goal of researcher is to describe setting 2 goal is to interpret what was observednaturalistic observations are usually used by researchers using a qualitative approach however quantitative data can still be collected Issues in naturalistic observation Participation and concealment2 issues facing the researcher whether to be a participant or nonparticipant in the social setting and whether to conceal hisher purposes from other pplnonparticipant observer is an outsider who does not become an active part of the setting participant observer assumes an active insider roleparticipant observationtype of nat obs in which researcher assumes role in setting and participation may or may not be concealedallows the researcher to observe the setting from the inside heshe may be able to experience events in the same way as natural participants
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