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PSYB01H3 (585)
Chapter 3

chapter 3 notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Connie Boudens

Chapter 3: Ethical Research - Milgrams obedience experiment (pg 38) The Belmont Report - Current ethical guidelines for both behavioural and medical researchers have their origins in The Belmont Report - This report defined the principles that have guided more detailed regulations and American Psychological Association ethics - 3 principles are beneficence, respect for persons (autonomy), and justice - The applications of these principles are assessment of risks and benefits, informed consent, and selection of subjects Assessment of Risks and Benefits - Principle of Beneficence: need for research to maximize benefits and minimize harm of participation - In decisions about research ethics, we must calculate potential risks and benefits likely to result, aka risk benefit analysis - Risks to participants include factors like psychological or physical harm and loss of confidentiality - Also, the cost of not doing the study can be considered if the proposed procedure is the only way to collect valuable data - Benefits include direct benefits to the participants, like educational benefit, learning new skills, or treatment for problems; also material benefits like money, gifts, or winning prize from a raffle - Less tangible benefits include satisfaction from being part of a study and potential beneficial applications of the findings Risk in psychological research - Physical harm: procedures that could cause physical harm to participants are rare but possible. Risks in such procedures require caution is taken to make them ethically ok. Needs to be clear benefits of the research that outweigh potential risks - Stress: psych stress is more common than physical stress. When stress is possible, must ask if all safeguards have been taken to help subjects deal with the stress. Usually there is debriefing after the study that is designed to address problems that may arise during the research - Loss of privacy and confidentiality: researchers must protect the privacy of ppl. Researchers should protect by keeping all data locked in a safe place. Sometimes, the risks entailed with loss of confidentiality are so great that researchers may apply for a Certificate of Confidentiality from the US Department of Health Informed consent - Belmont Reports principle of respect for persons or autonomy states that participants are treated as autonomous; they are capable of making decisions www.notesolution.com
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