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PSYB01 Ch 3

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Anna Nagy

PSYB01 Ch 3 Ethical ResearchMilgrams obedience experiment in 1965 was conducted to study the phenomenon of obedience to an authority figurewould the participants continue to obey the experimenter by administering ever higher levels of shock to the learner The results of study challenged many of our beliefs about our ability to resist authority and helped us understand obedience in reallife situations The Belmont Report Ethical PrinciplesGuidelines for the protection of Human Subjects of Research its three basic ethical principles for behavioral and medical researchers are1 Beneficence assessment of risks and benefits the need for research to maximize benefits and minimize any possible harmful effects of participation Riskbenefit analysis in most choices we make in life we consider the relative risks and benefits of the decisionPotential risks include physicalpsychological harm physicalpsychological stress loss of confidentialityprivacy and the cost of not conducting the study if in fact the proposed procedure is the only way to collect potentially valuable data Benefits include acqd new skill educational benefit treatment for disease and money2 Autonomy respect for persons participants are treated as autonomousthey are capable of making deliberate decisions about whether to participate in research Informed consent potential participants in a research should be provided w all info that might influence their decision of whether to participate thus participants should be informed about the purposes of the study the risks and benefits and their rights to refuse or terminate participation in the study Autonomy issues lack of autonomywhat happens when the participants may lack the ability to make a free and informed choice to voluntarily participate Such as patients in psychiatric hospitals adults w cognitive impairments and minors who require a consent form signed by a parent in addition to agreement by the minorthe agreement by a minor is called assent Coercion forceintimidation is another threat to autonomyany procedure that limits a persons freedom to consent is potentially coercive eg a supervisor who asks employees to fill out a survey during a staff meeting Information issues withholding info and deception providing too much info could potentially invalidate the results of the study its generally acceptable to withhold info when the info would not affect the decision to participate and when the info will later be provided in a debriefing session when the study is completed There are times when research procedures where informed consent isnt necessary or not even possible eg studying the content of the selfdescriptions that ppl write for an online dating serviceDeception active misrepresentation of info Research indicates that providing informed consent may in fact bias participants responsesleast in some research areas eg if you know you have control over a stressor its negative impact is reducedif you know you can terminate a loud noise the noise produces less stress than when the noise in uncontrollable Informed consent does increase perceptions of control in stress experiments and thus can affect the conclusions drawn f research
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