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Canada (161,714)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYB01H3 (581)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3

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David Nussbaum

Chapter 3: Ethics in Behavioural Research Obedience experiments by Stanley Milgram: survey mean max shock level is 9.35 strong shock, actual mean max was 24.5 extreme intensity shock Code of Conduct: American Psychological Association 2002; standards to follow while doing research Historical Background Nuremburg War Crime Trials: medical experiments by Nazis Tuskegee Syphilis study: 1930; studied illness in low income african american men without giving them treatment National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioural Research: o 1979 Belmont report: 3 basic ethical principles  Respect for persons  Beneficence: minimizing possible harm maximizing benefit  Justice: distributing benefits and risks of research fairly Department of Health and Human Services and Food and Drug Administration o 1991 Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects: shaped course of social science research  Institutional review board (IRB): by federal policy must review research proposals that get federal funding for biomedical or behavioural research on human subjects; must have members with diverse backgrounds  Other professional associations also have standards that comply with federal policy  Office for Protection from Research Risks: monitors IRBs (those relating to drug studies done by Federal Food and Drugs Association)  APA Ethics Code: 1953 Ethical Principles 2002 APA Ethics Code: 151 enforceable ethical standards and 5 general principles; enforced by APA ethics committee can lead to sanctions from reprimand to expulsion  Principle A: Beneficence and Nonmaleficence: avoid and minimize harm and increase benefit  Principle B: Fidelity and Responsibility: must establish trust and have a responsibility to society and scientific community; cooperate with others  Principle C: Integrity: promote accuracy, honesty, truthfulness in science teaching and practice of psychology; no stealing cheating fraud misrepresentation of fact  Principle D: Justice: all persons access to and benefit from the contributions of psychology and to equal quality in the processes, procedures and services being conducted by psychologists  Principle E: Respect for Peoples Rights and Dignity: rights to privacy, confidentiality, and self determination; respect cultural individual and role differences ex. Age, gend
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