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PSYB10H3 (611)
Chapter 3

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Elizabeth Page- Gould

Chapter 3 AUTOMATIC THINKING: automatic analysis of our environment based on our past experiences and knowledge of the world; it is nonconscious, unintentional, involuntary and effortless AUTOMATIC THINKING WITH SCHEMAS  Helps us understand new situations by relating them to our prior knowledge  Schemas: mental structure that organizes our knowledge about the social world  Influence the way in which we process information  We also fill in the blanks with schema-consistent information STEREOTYPES ABOUT RACES AND WEAPONS  When applied to members of a social group such as gender or race, schemas are commonly referred to as stereotypes  We have schemas for specific individuals, social roles and how people act in specific situations TH FUNTION OF SCHEMAS  Helps us organize and make sense of the world and fill in the gaps in our knowledge  KORSAKOV’S SYNDROME: people with no schema= confused  Schemas help us have a continuity and relate new experiences to past ones  It also helps us reduce ambiguity when a certain situation can be interpreted in a variety of ways; SCHEMA AS MEMORY GUIDE  People are more likely to remember information that are consistent to their schemas  Schemas become stronger and more resistant over time  Ex: jack and Barbara; marriage proposal and rape ACCESSIBILITY AND PRIMIMG  ACCESSIBILITY: the extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront of our mind and therefore more likely to be used when making judgements o Some schemas are chronically accessible to past experiences meaning they are constantly active and ready to be used; if you are alcoholic then those traits are more accessible and you are more likely to use them when judging someone with similar traits o Schemas can become accessible because they are related to a current goal; if you are studying for the abnormal psych course and read about the substance abuse symptoms o Schemas can become temporarily accessible because of our recent experiences  PRIMING: the recent experiences by which schemas become available prior to experiencing an event  Thoughts and schemas have be both accessible and “applicable” before they can act as primers THE PERSISTENCE OF SCHEMAS AFTER THEY ARE DISCREDITED  PERSEVERENCE EFFECT: continuing to use the schemas even though the original evidence was discredited; THE SELF-FULFILLING PROPHECY  When we have a schema about someone and we behave with them in accordance, results in them behaving consistently with our expectations; ex: the crash movie example of automatic thinking CULTURAL DETERMINANTS OF SCHEMAS  Culture is an important source of regulating our schemas  The schemas taught by our culture has a big influence on what we notice and remember about world  Exam
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