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Chapter 4

PSYB10 Lec3_Chapter4.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Elizabeth Page- Gould

Lec 3 Chapter 4 pg 96-122, Chartrand & Bargh (1999) Social Interaction • Social Interaction • Definition - Back and forth exchange of verbal or nonverbal behaviour between 2 or more people • Average time - Non-conflit: 10 minutes - Conflict interactions: 3 minutes • Methods of communication that qualify - In person, over the phone, online (msn, not fb) • Field Theory  A person’s behaviour is a function of both who they are (the Person) and the situation they find themselves in (the Environment)  B= f(P,E) • General Social Interaction Cycle  Describes dyadic social interaction • Impression formation • Cyclical Social Interactions • Nature of social interactions • Metaperceptions • Transparency overestimation o Tendency to overestimate the extent to which one’s true self has been revealed in social interactions • Spotlight effect o Tendency to assume your behaviours are more salient to others than they actually are • Expectancy Confirmation - What you expect is what you look for • How do social interactions go well? • Mimicry - Mirroring an interaction partner’s behaviours; non-consciously • Chameleon Effect (Chartrand & Bargh, 1999) • Perception-behaviour link o Perceiving a behaviour makes it more likely to occur • Self-regulation and social interaction Perceiving and Predicting Others • Types of social information • Behaviour • Nonverbal behaviour - How people communicate, intentionally or unintentionally without words • Emblems - hand or arm gestures that are clear, well-understood definitions Culturally binded • Thin Slices - approach in social psych focused on the attributional power of brief exposure to others - ex. 2 men waiting for interview; one is dressed in a dress shirt, etc and the other is dressed sloppily  assume the one in the dress clothes is more qualified, but the other man could have been top graduate of his class • Context o provides additional input o can completely change attribution • Schemas o what you expect is what you get • Attribution  explanation for an observed behaviour of a social object • Automaticity of attributions o very automatic o attributions = pattern matching • Attribution Theory - Description of the way in which people explain the causes of their own and other people’s behaviour • Internal and External Attributions - Internal: believing cause of behaviour has to do with the person themselves – behaviour can be explained internally - External: something about the situation caused the behaviour • Fundamental Attribution Error (FAE) - The tendency to overestimate the extent to which people’s behaviour is attributable to internal, dispositional factors, and to underestimate the role of situational factors • Actor/Obs
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