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PSYB10H3 (611)
Chapter 11

Chapter 11 Book Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Ingrid L.Stefanovic

Social Psychology: Chapter 11: Aggression What is Aggression? Aggression: Intentional behavior aimed at causing either physical or psychological pain. It can be physical or verbal aggression. The key component of aggression is intention; an act is viewed as aggressive only if it was intentional. E.g. a drunk driver hitting someone with their car is not considered aggression Hostile Aggression: an act of aggression stemming from feelings of anger and aimed at inflicting pain Instrumental Aggression: Aggression as a means to some goal other than causing pain There is still intentional hurting in instrumental aggression; however the hurting comes as a means to get some other goal. It does not involve hurting someone because of anger ex a football game, you dont mean to tackle someone to inflict pain, you tackle them to get them out of your way so you can score a touchdown. Is Aggression Inborn or Learned? The evolutionary argument is that males are aggressive for two reasons: 1. To establish dominance over other males. Stems from the idea that females will choose the male who is most likely to provide the best genes 2. They will aggress jealously to make sure their mates are not copulating with others, to ensure their paternity Crime statistics provide evidence for the evolutionary argument, showing that males are most likely to engage in violence during their peak reproductive years (teens and twenties) Young males typically engage in aggressive acts when it comes to issues of respect or jealously Experiments on isolated rats show that aggression does not need to be learned, and that experience can modify aggression Chimpanzees and Bonobos, humans closest relatives, are also known to be aggressive (especially chimpanzees). Chimps kill each other at the same rate as humans do in hunter- gatherer societies www.notesolution.com
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