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PSYB10H3 (611)

PSYB10 Pgs 231-263

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Elizabeth Page- Gould

PSYB10 231263Gulf War Syndrome fatigue depression memory loss gastrointestinal problems and excessive bleeding f anthrax vaccine as seen in Louise Richard Group a collection of 2 ppl who interact w each other and are interdependent in the sense that their needs and goals cause them to rely on each otherThe benefits are that its a part of our identity defines who we are a source of social norms bring about social actionGroups range in size f 26 ppl Members tend to be alike in age sex beliefs and opinions the homogeneity of groups is bc groups attract ppl who are similar before they join and groups encourage similarity Social roles shared expectations by group members about how particular ppl in the group are supposed to behaveAt times ppl can get so into their roles that their personality and personality identity is lost as seen in the make believe prison experiment conducted by Zimbardo assigning the roles of guards and prisoners to students Most of us would be unable to resist the social influences in these powerful situations and perhaps would perform acts we thought we were incapable of performingAnother drawback of social roles is that there is a cost to acting inconsistently with the expectations associated with those roles Eg a man holding a purseGroup cohesiveness qualities of a group that bind members together and promote liking among them A drawback is the membersconcern with maintaining a good relation can get in the way of finding good solutions to problemsThe presence of other ppl can mean one of two things 1 performing a task with others who are doing the same thing you are or 2 performing a task in front of an audience that is not doing anything except observing youThe mere presence of others improves performance on simple welllearned tasks but the presence of others worsens performance when the task is difficult Social facilitation the tendency for ppl to do better on simple tasks but worse on complex tasks when they are in the presence of others and their individual performance can be evaluated1 the presence of others increases physiological arousal our bodies become more energized 2 when such arousal exists its easier to do something thats simple called the dominant response but harder to do something complex or learn something new arousal will leave you flustered and not do as well The presence of others causes arousal because other ppl cause us to become extra alert and vigilant they make us nervous about how were being evaluated and they distract us from the task at hand
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