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PSYB10- Ch 2

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Elizabeth Page- Gould

PSYB10 Ch 2Hindsight bias a human tendency whereby ppl exaggerate how much they could have predicted an outcome after knowing that it occurred The trick is to predict what will happen in an experiment before you know how it turns out Theory an organized set of principles that can be used to explain observed phenomena Hypothesis a testable statement or idea about the relsh btwn 2 variables Kitty Genovese attacked while walking to her car and brutally murdered in the alley of an apartment complex the attack lasted 45 minutes and 38 of the apartment residents admitted later they rushed to their windows to see 2 social psychologists Latane and Darley suggested that the more ppl who witness an emergency the less likely it is that any given person will interveneGenoveses neighbours might have assumed that someone else had called the police a phenomenon called diffusion of responsibilityperhaps the bystanders would have been more likely to help had each thought they alone was witnessing the murder Observational method the technique whereby a researcher observes ppl and systematically records measurements of their bhvr This method varies according to the degree to which the observer actively participates in the sceneWhen the observer neither participates nor intervene in any wayspontaneous naturally occurring bhvr can be observed Operational definition the precise specification of how variables are m
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