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PSYB10H3 (611)
Chapter 5

chapter 5 textbook notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Ingrid L.Stefanovic

Chapter 5 Self-knowledge and the Need to maintain Self-Esteem The Self Williams James described the basic duality of our perception of self: 1) the self is composed of ones thoughts and beliefs about oneself 2) The self is also the active processor of information, the knower or the I. Self Concept - The contents of oneself: that is, our knowledge about who we are. Self Awareness - Which is the act of thinking about ourselves. These two concepts of the self concept and self awareness combine to create a coherent sense of identity. -People who are low on self concept clarity are more likely to be neurotic and have low self-esteem, and are less likely to be aware of their internal states. They are less likely to engage in positive forms of self focus such as reflection. -Self concepts in humans develop around age 2-3 years (using the mirror rough test) Self Schemas - Mental structures that help us to organize our knowledge about ourselves and that influence what we notice, think about, and remember about ourselves. Independent view of the self - Defining oneself in terms of ones own internal thoughts, feelings, and actions, and not in terms of the thoughts, feelings and actions of other people. - Independence and uniqueness is encouraged. Interdependent view of the self - Defining oneself in terms of ones relationships to other people; recognizing that ones behaviour is often determined by the thoughts, feelings, and actions of others. - Independence and uniqueness are frowned upon whereas interdependence and connectedness are encouraged. - This view of the self occurs in many Asian cultures and non westernized countries. Culture and gender also play a role in how people define themselves. www.notesolution.com
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