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Chapter 11

chapter 11: Aggression

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Elizabeth Page- Gould

Chapter 11: Aggression (Lecture 20) What is Aggression? Aggression: intentional behavior aimed at causing either physical or psychological pain Hostile aggression: an act of aggression stemming from feelings of anger and aimed at inflicting pain Instrumental aggression: aggression as a means to some goal other than causing pain E.g. professional football game, a defensive lineman will usually do whatever it takes to thwart his opponent (the blocker) and tackle the ball carrier o This includes intentionally inflicting pain on his opponent if doing so is useful in helping him get the blocker out of the way so he can get to the ball carrier Instrumental aggression E.g. if believes his opponent has been playing dirty, he might become angry and go out of his way to hurt the other player, even if doing so does not increase his opportunity to tackle the ball carrier o Hostile aggression Is Aggression Inborn or Learned? Eros: the instinct toward life, posited by Freud Thanatos: according to Freud, an instinctual drive toward death, leading to aggressive actions Freud believed that aggressive energy must come out somehow, lest it continue to build up and produce illness According to Freud, society performs an essential function in regulating this instinct and in helping ppl to sublimate it- thats to turn the destructive energy into acceptable or useful behavior Is Aggression Instinctual? Situational? Optional? The Evolutionary Argument Males behave aggressively to establish dominance over other males o Female will choose the male who is most likely to provide the best genes and the greatest protection and resources for offspring Males aggress jealously to ensure that their mate arent copulating w others o Ensures their paternity Power is now based on attributes related to success such as high status careers, wealth and celebrity and not the ability to physically intimidate other males in the group Aggression among the Lower Animals Chimpanzee is known for the aggressive behavior of its male members Humans, especially males, are genetically programmed for aggressive behavior Aggression and Culture 1 www.notesolution.com
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