Textbook Notes (363,501)
Canada (158,383)
Psychology (9,573)
PSYB10H3 (611)
Chapter 3

chapter 3

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Elizabeth Page- Gould

Chapter 3 Social Cognition Automatic thinking- thinking that is unconscious, unintentional, involuntary and effortless Example: we form impressions about new people quickly and effortlessly Navigate new roads without much conscious analysis of what we are doing Schemas-mental structures people use to organize their knowledge about the social world around themes or subjects and that influence the information people notice, think about, and remember Schema- very general, it encompasses out knowledge about many things- other people, ourselves, social roles Example; what a librarian or an engineer is like or what usually happens when people eat a meal in the restaurant Schemas contain our basic knowledge and impression that we use to organize what we know about the social world and interpret new situations Also influence the way we process information When we are given a label, we fill in the blanks with all kinds of schema-consistent information This tendency to fill in the blanks allows for more efficient information processing but can also have tragic consequences Automatic thinking is the root of stereotypes in Canada Important to us to have continuity, to relate new experiences to our past schemas, that people who lose this ability invent schemas where none exist Schemas are important when we encounter information that can be interpreted in number of ways, because they help us reduce ambiguity www.notesolution.com
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