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Chapter 3

PSYB10 Chapter 3.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB10H3
Professor
Elizabeth Page- Gould
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 3Automatic thinking thinking that is non conscious unintentional involuntary and effortless o It helps us understand new situations by relating them to our prior experiences o Schemas mental structures that organize our knowledge about the social worldInfluence the information we notice think about and rememberInfluence the way in which we processinformationWe tend to fill in the blanks with schemaconsistent informationCalled stereotypes when applied to members of a social groupThe negative side to schemasMany experiments showed that white people identify crime objects with black peopleIt is important to us to have continuity to relate new experiences to our past schemas that people who lose this ability invent schemas where none existHelp us reduce ambiguityPeople are more likely to remember schemaconsistent informationMemory errors also tend to be consistent with peoples schemasBecome more resistant to change over timeAccessibility the extent to which schemas and concepts are at he forefront of our minds and therefore are likely to
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