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Chapter 5

PSYB10 Chapter 5.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Elizabeth Page- Gould

Chapter 5The self o Self concept the contents of the self our knowledge about who we are o Self awareness the act of thinking about ourselves o As we mature we place less focus on physical characteristics and place more emphasis on our psychological states o Self concept clarity the extent to which the knowledge about the self is stable and clearly and consistently definedPeople low in self concept clarity are more likely to be neurotic and have low self esteem and are less likely to be aware of their internal states and engage in chronic selfanalysis and ruminationPeople low in self concept clarity are less likely to engage in positive forms of self focus such as reflection o Serves both an organizational function and an executive function o Selfschemas mental structures that people use to organize their knowledge about themselves and that influence what they notice think about and remember about themselves o Selfreference effect the tendency for people to remember information better if they relate it to themselvesWhen people are motivated to see themselves as possessing a desired quality or trait they conduct a selective memory search for examples of past behaviours consistent with that trait o Also regulates peoples behaviour choices and plans for the future o We appear to be the only species that can imagine events that have not yet occurred and engage in long term planning it is the self that does this planning and exerts control over our actions o Selfregulatory model selfcontrol is a limited resource like a muscle that gets tired from frequent use but then rebounds in strength o Independent view of the self defining oneself in terms of ones own internal thoughts feelings and actions and not in terms of the thoughts feelings and actions of other people o Interdependent view of the self defining oneself in terms of ones relationships to other people recognizing that ones behaviour is often determined by the thoughts feelings and actions of othersThe sense of self might be less clear in cultures in which the self is perceived as interdependentRelational interdependence definition of self through relationshipsCollective interdependence definition of self through social groups o The self concept serves basic adaptive functions common to all cultures but culture and gender also play a role in how people define themselves
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