Textbook Notes (369,133)
Canada (162,403)
Psychology (9,699)
PSYB10H3 (611)
Chapter 3

PSYB10 Chapter 3 Social Cognition

3 Pages
84 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB10H3
Professor
Elizabeth Page- Gould

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Description
Chapter 3 Social Cognition Social cognition - How people think about themselves and the social world - How people select, interpret, remember, and use social information - Thinking about social objects Social objects - A physical object that has the ability to engage in social cognition Automatic thinking - Thinking that is non-conscious, unintentional, involuntary, and effortless - Automatic analysis of our environments based on our past experiences and knowledge of the world - Helps us understand new situations by relating them to our prior experiences through the use of schemas Cognition - Perception  Becoming aware of something through the senses o Pre-attentive processes  rapid processing of a complex scene  Rapid is less than 250 ms  Complex is a large, multi-element display of information  Something that “catches your eye” or “pops out at you”  Reflect something that is more fundamental for survival  E.g. weapons bias  When you see a table of random objects and one of them is a gun, then people quickly look at the gun first o Gaze detection  If you are walking through a crowd and if someone is starting at you, then you might stare back - Processing / Encoding o Encoding  Selecting information from the environment and storing it in memory o Attention  Selective perception  E.g. selective visual attention test  Are you able control your attention on seeing only the white shirts? o Schemas  Mental structures used to organize knowledge about the social world based on similar concepts, themes or subjects  Contain our basic knowledge and impressions that we use to organize what we know about the social world and interpret new situations  Efficient processing  Guide attention and memory  Bias against schema incongruent information  Self-fulfilling prophecy o Our expectations changes our behaviour which, in turn, causes the other person to behave consistently with our original expectations o Our expectations for a social situation actually changes the social environment to create what you expected o Your expectations shape the social environment o E.g. teachers’ expectations for students become reality  Those whom the teachers expected to do well actually improved more than the other students  Stereotypes about race and violence  Schemas are commonly referred to as stereotypes when applied to members of a social group o Automatic thinking about race and crime o Not limited to stereotypes about black people  Stereotypes can be applied rapidly and automatically when we encounter other people  E.g. Shooter task o Participants were more likely to pull the trigger when the people in the picture were black, whether or not they were holding a gun  Participants made few errors when a black person was holding a gun  Participants made the most errors when a black person was not holding a gun o Participants were more likely to make mistakes by shooting black men who were unarmed  Function of schemas  To have continuity  To relate new experiences to our past schemas  Schemas as memory guides  Persistence of schemas  Perseverance effect  The schema’s resistance to change even in light of contradictory information - Storage / Knowledge Representation o Prototype
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit