Textbook Notes (362,776)
Canada (158,052)
Psychology (9,545)
PSYB10H3 (611)

PSYB10 - Ch 1.odt

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Elizabeth Page- Gould

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Chapter 1: Social Psychology What Is Social Psychology? • Social influence to psychologists is broader than one person to change another person's behaviour - extends beyond behaviour – thoughts and feelings and overt acts • we are immersed in a social and cultural context • social psychologists are interested in how and why our thoughts, feelings and behaviours are shaped by the entire social environment • social psychology: scientific study of the way people's thoughts, feelings and behaviours are influenced by real or imagined presence of other people (Allport) The Power of Social Interpretation • social psychology is concerned not really with social situations in objective sense but more with how people are influenced by their interpretation or construal of their social environment • construal: way people perceive, comprehend and interpret the social world • to understand how people are influenced by social world – important to understand how they perceive, comprehend and interpret the social world than it is to understand the objective properties of the world itself • social psychology is an experimentally based science The Role of Construal in Conflict Negotiation • Ross – naive realism- special kind of construal - both sides understand that the other side perceives the issues diff – but resist compromise -> fearing that their biased opponent will benefit more than they - gave their own group their own pledge saying it came from other but still liked the one they “gave” to the others better ... SomeAlternative Ways of Understanding Social Influence What Social Psychology Is NOT Folk Wisdom • folk wisdom = common sense • when think of why people join a cult and kill themselves or children – think they are self destructive people and were hypnotized by leader -> but in reality ex of Solar Temple cult -> most were highly respected and well functioned • this common sense tends to be wrong or oversimplified - b/c of this people tend not to learn from pervious incidents • population is eager to find someone to blame – may blame victims themselves • fixing blame = may make us feel better – but does not make us understand the situation that produced the event Philosophy • in the past psychologists looked to philosophers for insight to nature of consciousness and how ppl form beliefs about social world but those thinkers may not always agree -> who is right? • Social psychologists look at similar questions as philosophers but look at it in a scientific route - they must make educated guesses = hypotheses -> test by performing experiments -> tease it to result in one or another outcome Social Psychology Compared with Sociology • social psychology focuses on social behaviour that is like Sociology - both concerned with influence of social and societal factors on human behaviour • social psych: branch of psychology – study of individuals – emphasis on the psychological processes going on in hearts and minds – level of analysis is the individual in the context of a social situation - sociology is more concerned with broad societal factors that influence events in a society – ex topics like social class, social structure and social institutions • sociology, not focusing on psychology of the individual, looks toward society at large * major diff • both are interested in aggressive behaviour but sociology is more likely to be concerned with bt particular society makes diff levels and types of aggressions in its members instead of social psych; asking to what extend is aggression proceed by a state of frustration ... what facts might precede an aggressive response by a frustrated individual • they differ in what they are trying to explain – goal of social psych is to name universal properties of human nature that make everyone susceptible to social influence – regardless of social class/culture Social Psychology Compared with Personality Psychology • when trying to explain social behaviour, personality psychology focuses their attention on individual differences - individual differences: aspect of ppl's personalities that make them different from other people • insights of personality psychologists increase understanding of human behaviour but social psych are convinced that explaining behaviour primarily in terms of personality factors ignore a critical part of the story; powerful role played by social influence • cult issues: to have an explanation of events we need to understand power and influence of leaders, nature of the impact of living in a closed society without other POV and myriad other facts that might have contributed to the outcome • must people conclude that the behaviour was caused by personality of person rather than the influence of that situation – important to social psycho – it impacts how humans relate to one another • social psych and sociology – share an interest in situational and societal influences on behaviour but focuses more on psych make up of individuals that render them susceptible to social influence • social psych and personality psych – share emphasis on psycho of individual but rather than focusing on what makes people diff from one another – emphasizes on psychological processes shared by most ppl that make them susceptive to social influence Summary • Sociology: general laws and theories about societies, not individuals • Social Psychology: Studies the psychological processes people have in common with one another that make them susceptible to social influence • Personality Psychology: Studies the characteristics that make individuals unique and diff from one another The Power of Social Influence • fundamental attribution error: the tendency to overestimate the extent to which people's behaviour stems from internal, dispositional factors and to underestimate the role of situational factors – tendency to explain people's behaviour of personality – underestimating power of social influence Underestimating the Power of Social Influence • underestimate the power of social influence = feeling of false security • blaming bizarre thing on victims – flawed humans = makes us think that it would never happen to
More Less

Related notes for PSYB10H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.