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Chapter 7

Chapter 7 Textbook Notes

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 7 Motivation a term used to denote the forces and factors, usually viewed as residing win the person, that energize and direct behaviour Common motivational ideas in personality psych include wants, desires, needs, goals, strivings, projects, and tasks The Psychoanalytic View Sigmund Freud most influential: psychoanalysis focus on the unconscious det6terminants of behaviour, intrapsychic conflict, and instinctual drives concerning sexuality and aggression. Also denotes the process of engaging in psychotherapy from a psychoanalytic standpoint Determinism o Forces over which we have little control determine all human behaviour and experience, someone making us move (pawns in chess game) Drive o These forces exist win us, traced back to primitive drivesinstincts, sexuality and aggression Conflict o Causes anxiety, want too much what we cant have The unconscious o We dont even know what those forces that determine our behaviour and those conflicts that precipitate our anxiety are, no control over life Two sets of instincts or drives 1. Sexuality and all other life instincts instincts serving sexual reproduction and survival (sometimes called Eros) 2. Aggression and all other death instincts instinctual drives assumed to motivate the person toward behaviour and experience promoting ones own death and destruction or aggression toward others (sometimes called Thanatos) The Unconscious Unconscious the state of being outside of awareness Arthur Schopenhauer and Friedrich Nietzsche emphasized aspects of human functioning that are outside of consciousness, typically www.notesolution.com emotional and irrational urges that are antagonistic to conscious reason William Wordsworth and John Keats, generally placed the persons heroic and creative powers Hypnotism was used to gain access to the unconscious mind as early as 1784 Baumesiter and Gay argue that middle-class adults in 19 -century Europe accepted the general idea of an inner world unknowable to the conscious self o Baumesiter even asserts that Victorian men and woman were preoccupied with the involuntary revelation of this inner self to others While you might be able to attain conscious insight into the deep secrets of your own mind, the Victorians believed there was always the danger of unintentionally revealing the nature of your own unconscious to others, who as objective outside observers might even come to know you better than you know yourself Topographical model Freuds model of the mind, which distinguishes among the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious regions. The conscious corresponds to everyday awareness; the preconscious contains the contents of ordinary memory, to which awareness may be directed at any time; and the unconscious contains wishes, feelings, memories, and so on that have been repressed bc they threaten the wellbeing of the conscious self o Conscious what you are currently aware of o Preconscious not currently aware but could readily entre awareness should you decide to retrieve the material, storehouse of important and trivial info o Unconscious - cant be readily retrieved, contains elements of experience that have been actively repressed, repository for ideas, images, urges, and feelings that are associated with conflict, pain, fear, guilt, and so on Repression and Repressors People sometimes attain good insights and arrive at satisfying conclusions when they put conscious thought aside and go with their gut intuitions Repression - Freuds concept for the process of casting thoughts, memories, feelings, and conflicts out of consciousness, rendering them unremembered www.notesolution.com
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